17 June 2009

4th Infantry later Guards Brigade - 1947 to 1977


On 1st February 1947 the brigade was re-formed in Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath as part of 2nd Infantry Division with the headquarters at St David’s Barracks in Hilden the formation was from 160th Infantry Brigade of the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division and 4th Infantry Brigade became a Brigade Group 1st August 1947 renamed 4th Guards Brigade Group in May 1950

4th Infantry Brigade Units
19th Field Regiment Royal Artillary – Apr 47 to May 50 – Caernarvon Barracks Düsseldorf
1st Battalion The East Lancashire Regiment – Feb 47 to Jun 47 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards – Feb 47 to Dec 47 – Harding Barracks Wuppertal
1st Battalion The York and Lancaster Regiment – Feb 47 to Mar 48 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld
2nd Battalion The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh’s) – Mar 48 to Nov 48 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld
1st Battalion The Royal Welch Fusiliers – Jun 47 to Apr 49 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion The Manchester Regiment – Jul 48 to Mar 50 – Manchester Barracks Wuppertal
1st Battalion The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh’s) – Oct 48 to Apr 50 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld
1st Battalion The Royal Norfolk Regiment – Apr 49 to 1950 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath

4th Guards Brigade Group Units from May 50
16th/5th Queen's Royal Lancers – Apr 56 to May 58 – Athlone Barracks Barracks Sennelager
19th Field Regiment Royal Artillary – Apr 47 to Sep 54 – Caernarvon Barracks Düsseldorf
29th Field Regiment Royal Artillary – Sep 54 to May 57 – Caernarvon Barracks Düsseldorf
1st Battalion The Royal Norfolk Regiment – 1950 to Feb 51 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Welsh Guards – Mar 50 to Mar 52 – Anglesey Barracks Wuppertal
2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards – Apr 50 to Nov 52 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld
1st Battalion Irish Guards – Feb 51 to Mar 53 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
2nd Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) – Apr 52 to Mar 53 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards – Nov 52 to Mar 55 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld
2nd Battalion Scots Guards – Jul 53 to Apr 56 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion The East Lancashire Regiment – Feb 54 to Feb 55 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – Feb 55 to Apr 56 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Coldstream Guards – Mar 55 to Jan 58 – Bradbury Barracks Krefeld to 
Gort Barracks Hubblerath
2nd Battalion Scots Guards – Apr 56 to Feb 57 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – Apr 56 to Oct 57 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
3rd Battalion Coldstream Guards – Feb 57 to May 58 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath

May 58 to Mar 71
On 1st May 1958 the command of the Brigade passed from 2nd Infantry Division to 4th Infantry Division with the headquarters at Wentworth Barracks in Herford the composition of the Brigade remained unchanged in March 1964 the Brigade HQ moved to Aldershot Barracks in Iserlohn and in March 1968 moved to York Barracks Münster

4th Guards Brigade Group Units from May 58
17th/21st Lancers – May 58 to Dec 59 – Barker Barracks Paderborn
5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards – Feb 60 to Oct 62 – Athlone Barracks Barracks Sennelager 13th/18th Hussars (Queen Mary’s Own) – Feb 64 to Dec 66 – Barker Barracks Paderborn
14th/20th King’s Hussars – Sep 67 to Jun 70 – Barker Barracks Paderborn
13th/18th Hussars (Queen Mary’s Own) – Jan 68 to end 1970 – Swinton Barracks Münster
5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards – Jun 70 to end 1970 – York Barracks Münster

1st Battalion Coldstream Guards – May 58 to Nov 58 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath 
3rd Battalion Coldstream Guards – May 58 to Jan 59 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry – Aug 58 to Aug 59 – Dempsey Barracks Sennelager
1st Battalion Scots Guards – Nov 58 to Dec 60 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards – Jan 59 to Nov 61 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry – Aug 59 to Aug 61 – St Davids Barracks Hilden
1st Battalion Welsh Guards – Dec 60 to Nov 63 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Irish Guards – Nov 61 to Jul 64 – Llanelly Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Lancashire Regiment – Aug 61 to May 64 – St Davids Barracks Hilden
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – Nov 63 to May 64 – Gort Barracks Hubblerath
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – May 64 to 1965 – Keightley Barracks Wuppertal
1st Battalion Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret’s Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) – May 64 to May 67 – Mons Barracks Iserlohn
1st Battalion Coldstream Guards – Jul 64 to Jan 67 – Aldershot Barracks Iserlohn
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – 1965 to Jan 66 – Harding Barracks Wuppertal
2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards – Jan 66 to Mar 68 – Harding Barracks Wuppertal
2nd Battalion Scots Guards – Jan 67 to Mar 68 – Aldershot Barracks Iserlohn
3rd Battalion Royal Green Jackets (The Rifle Brigade) – May 67 to Jan 68 – Mons Barracks Iserlohn
2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards – Mar 68 to Mar 69 – Buller Barracks Münster2nd Battalion Scots Guards – Mar 68 to Mar 70 – Waterloo Barracks Münster


Thanks to the Soldier Magazine for the following account published February 1968

"The recent defence cuts have meant a partial run-down and redeployment of Rhine Army. The first major garrison town to be abandoned is Iserlohn. But it was a parting with panache.

They came as conquerors but left as friends. British troops have said goodbye to Iserlohn after 22 years.

Thousands of local people lined the streets while 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards, and 3rd Battalion, The Royal Green Jackets (The Rifle Brigade), and 4th Guards Brigade Signal Squadron, marched through the streets with drums beating, fixed bayonets and the skirl of pipes. Their mirror-like boots clicked smartly on the cobblestones while the pipes and drums and band played a selection of British and German marches including "Colonel Bogey" and "Prussian Glory."

In a touching ceremony on the city's new square – named Schillerplatz after the 19th century German writer who came from a military family – Brigadier D A H Toler, commander of 4th Guards Brigade, and the Oberburgermeister exchanged parting pre­sents. Brigadier Toler gave a silver tray, inscribed with the names of units which have been stationed in the city, and copies of masterworks of Shakespeare, Shaw and Churchill for the Public Library.

Oberburgemeister Gunther Einert pre­sented a framed picture of Iserlohn and leather-bound volumes of the city's history. The Pipes and Drums and Band played "Deutschland uber Alles" and the British national anthem while the troops presented arms.

Later, in the Haus der Heimat, the city's 200-year-old museum and library, local dignitaries and British officers and warrant officers toasted each other in Rhine champagne and exchanged gifts and speeches. Oberburgermeister Einert said the British had arrived as an army of occupation. The Iserlohners were dour people who did not take to outsiders easily. Yet during the years a close friendship had grown up. "Now they are almost citizens of this town," he said "and we are very sad to see them go."

He related an incident that touched the hearts of all the local people. During the parade two little English boys were chatting excitedly, he explained, but when "Unity, Justice and Freedom"* was played one turned to the other and said, "Be quiet – that is the German national anthem."

Iserlohn, which dates back to 1050 and is the home of millionaire Ruhr industrial­ists, will miss its 3000 British inhabitants. They represent one in 20 of the population. The local papers have pointed out how this will affect the economy of the town – 600 Germans employed in the garrison are now out of work and local traders, especially in the fruit and vegetable market, will be hit.

The 4th Guards Brigade, 2nd Battalion, Grenadier Guards, and 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards, are moving to Munster, and the 3rd Royal Green Jackets are going to Celle. The British Military Hospital, Iserlohn, which is run jointly by the British and Canadians, is remaining. The Iserlohners hope that Canadian and German troops will move into the British-vacated barracks.

The British have taken an active part in local affairs. Officers and soldiers have played in the Iserlohn Hot Club and sung in the Choral Society, they ran a thriving Anglo-German club with 80 members, and jointly organised the local Kleine Olympiade (Mini Olympics) and Reitertage (show jumping competition) held each year. The band of The Royal Green Jackets gave several concerts in old folk's homes and orphanages, 225 officers and soldiers recently donated blood to the German Red Cross, and troops cleared snow from the roads after a severe blizzard. About a dozen soldiers have married German girls and settled in Iserlohn after leaving the Army.

The relationship between the British and Iserlohners is described as "truly cordial" by Mr Clive Graham, the Service Liaison Officer in Iserlohn for the past seven years. Mr Graham said they existed side by side "on the most friendly possible basis." Neither had held a major event without inviting the other – the Germans, for ex­ample, had attended the Queen's Birthday Parade and the British took part in the Schutzenfest (shooting festival). Thousands of soldiers were granted free membership of local sports clubs and more than 200 men of The Royal Highland Fusiliers (who were granted the Freedom of the city last year) spent Christmas with German families.

Among the hardest hit is the local football club, Turn und Sportverein Iserlohn. More than 50 British soldiers have played for the team. Herr Hans Schmid – the club meets in his hotel – commented: "They are prima boys. England is the land of football. Together we make a great team."
And a last word from a German who worked for the British Army in Iserlohn for 19 years: "It was OK with the Tommies. They are so freundlich"
*Incorrectly quoted so now changed
2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards – Mar 69 to end 1970 – Buller Barracks Münster
1st Battalion Welsh Guards – Mar 70 to end 1970 – Waterloo Barracks Münster

4th Guards Armoured Brigade Units – back to 2nd Division from March 1971
13th/18th Hussars (Queen Mary’s Own) – end 1970 to Aug 72 – Swinton Barracks Münster
5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards – end 1970 to Dec 74 – York Barracks Münster
2th Royal Tank Regiment – Oct 72 to Jan 77 – Swinton Barracks Münster
17th/21st Lancers – Nov 72 to Oct 74 – Northampton Barracks Wolfenbüttel
4th Royal Tank Regiment – Jan 75 to Jan 77 – York Barracks Münster
2nd Battalion Royal Green Jackets – Dec 1970 to May 71 – Oxford Barracks Münster
2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards – end 1970 to Feb 72 – Buller Barracks Münster
1st Battalion Welsh Guards – end 1970 to Dec 72 – Waterloo Barracks Münster
1st Battalion Grenadier Guards – Feb 72 to Dec 74 – Buller Barracks Münster
1st Battalion Scots Guards – Dec 72 to Jan 76 – Waterloo Barracks Münster
1st Battalion Irish Guards – Jan 75 to Jan 77 – Buller Barracks Münster
2nd Battalion Scots Guards – Jan 76 to Jan 77 – Waterloo Barracks Münster

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